Heavy Metal News
NEROCROMO MUSIC and Heart Of Steel Records are proud to announce the digital issue of the debut album of true metallers SYMPTOMEN!
The album titled "Men against men" was released in the Brazilian market in the CD version, and now being published all over the world through the best digital stores.
The digital release will be available on digital market in 2015, April 10th on every worldwide webstores, iTunes, Amazon, Spotify, Deezer, Google Music, Nokia, Emusic...
Symptomen is an Heavy Metal band from Tatuí, São Paulo, Brazil, Founded in May 2011.
Most Recent Heavy Metal Headlines
FIRESPAWN Feat. ENTOMBED, UNLEASHED, NECROPHOBIC Members: Debut Album Due In November
FIRESPAWN (formerly FIREBORN) — the new Swedish death metal project featuring Lars Göran Petrov (vocals; ENTOMBED) and Victor Brandt (guitar; ENTOMBED), Alex Friberg (bass; NECROPHOBIC), Fredrik Folkare (guitar; UNLEASHED, NECROPHOBIC) and Matte Modin (drums; DARK FUNERAL, DEFLESHED) — has signed a deal with Century Media. Hailing from Stockholm, FIRESPAWN is the unholy union of five death metal veterans with the aim to create blasphemous, sacrilegious and evil death metal, played by sharp minds with ancient souls. Comments Friberg: "We are stoked to be joining forces with Century Media. They are one of the biggest labels out there in extreme music and together we will spread the fire worldwide!" Adds Jens Prüter, head of A&R at Century Media: "Don't call it supergroup but this spawn of Satan combines the best of Stockholm death metal and it's great to see a bunch of old friends coming together for just one goal: to destroy. I know some of the guys for many years and it's an honor to help them spreading fire worldwide. Special thanks from my side to Costin Chioreanu and Paolo Girardi for helping out on the band's visual presentation, and my colleague Philipp Schulte for taking over the torch and bring you... FIRE! I'll see you burn!" FIRESPAWN's debut album will be released in November. A seven-inch EP, "Lucifer Has Spoken', will precede the CD on August 7 and will be limited to 500 hand-numbered copies. Visitors of PartySan Open Air festival: Keep your eyes open for a colored vinyl version of the seven-inch (100 copies only!) that will exclusively be offered at the Cudgel sales stand on the festival site. The cover artwork for "Lucifer Has Spoken" was created by Paolo Girardi who is known from his detailed Hieronymous Bosch-inspired cover artworks for INQUISITION, POWER TRIP and others. The seven-inch artwork just shows a part of a huge piece that will be unveiled when further news on the album is due. FIRESPAWN is: Lars Göran Petrov (ENTOMBED) - Vocals Victor Brandt (ENTOMBED) - Guitar Alex Friberg (NECROPHOBIC) - Bass Fredrik Folkare (UNLEASHED, NECROPHOBIC) - Guitar Matte Modin (DARK FUNERAL, DEFLESHED) - Drums
DISTURBED: First 'Immortalized' Making-Of Webisode
After a four-year hiatus, Grammy Award-nominated, multiplatinum hard rock titans DISTURBED have announced their return with their sixth studio album, titled "Immortalized", to be released August 21 through Reprise Records. Lead single "The Vengeful One" is out now, along with the accompanying animated video from award-winning filmmaker Phil Mucci, and "Immortalized" is available for pre-order everywhere. The upcoming release follows 2010's gold-certified "Asylum", DISTURBED's fourth consecutive #1 on the Billboard Top 200, and the group's subsequent break, which gave members David Draiman (vocals), Dan Donegan (guitar), Mike Wengren (drums) and John Moyer (bass) the necessary reprieve to make this imminent and deliberate return. The first in a series of webisodes featuring behind-the-scenes footage from the making of "Immortalized" can be seen below. "The idea was to leave when we were at our peak, which we were, and to come back when we felt reinvigorated," said Draiman. "Everything was strategic. We wanted to give ourselves a chance to breathe, give the fans a chance to breathe, and give the culture a chance to evolve. Now is the time. The environment feels ready. The musical landscape feels ready. We're ready." "We had basically been going nonstop since 1998," added Wengren. "We got to do our things. It didn't take too long until the itch started coming back." "We wanted to return when we collectively had that fire underneath us," agreed Donegan. "We missed it so much that we could tap into this energy and deliver the right album. We did it on our own terms." "The Vengeful One" has racked up more than two million views in eight days, and Donegan told The Pulse Of Radio they kept the creation of the new album a secret for the better part of a year. "It's been tough, because we haven't even told like some of our family and friends, so, I mean, for us to go away for almost four months, it was tricky," he said. "I mean, there was some family that I didn't even tell what I was doing. It was tricky to kind of keep that secret, 'cause I'm very bad at lying. I'm not a good liar at all, so to kind of withhold that information from our friends and family, it was tough." Regarding the songwriting process for "Immortalized", Draiman told Billboard.com: "There's a lot of new and fresh in the mix. We had more input on each other's parts than we probably ever had previously. Everything was really put under the microscope and everybody had an opinion, and, believe me, everyone was voicing them loudly. You get all these very, very alpha type of mentalities all in one room together, all being very, very cocksure about what they want to do and how they want to do it. There were fireworks on an occasion or two, but I must say everyone was very, very decent and open and willing to try anything anyone suggested at any point in time. We were very, very cooperative with one another, very professional the entire time — not that we haven't always been, but especially this time." DISTURBED has yet to announce tour plans behind the new record Band photo credit: Travis Shinn
FRANKIE BANALI: 'I Felt It Was Unfair For Me Not To Be Able To Continue' With QUIET RIOT
QUIET RIOT drummer Frankie Banali and the band's former bassist, Rudy Sarzo, were interviewed on a recent episode of "Talk Is Jericho", the podcast of Chris Jericho, the world champion pro wrestler, actor, New York Times best-selling author and lead vocalist of the metal band FOZZY. You can now listen to the chat at PodcastOne.com. A few excerpts follow (transcribed by BLABBERMOUTH.NET). On late QUIET RIOT singer Kevin DuBrow, who died in November 2007 of an accidental cocaine overdose at the age of 52: "Kevin was always bigger than life — not just on stage. He'd walk into a room and he would literally suck the oxygen out of the room, because he was so dynamic. I mean, Kevin wanted everything out of life, and he got it — both good and bad. He was the complete package… He was animated… If you're a singer, you have to have a certain amount of ego, because you have to go out there, essentially, bare naked — no guitar, no drums, nothing — and sell it. And he had an incredible amount of self-confidence. I always tell people about Kevin — because, with everything, there's the duality of it — and I always tell people that Kevin was my biggest asset and my biggest liability. Because with everything that he did over the top, it was both over-the-top good and over-the-top bad. But I think, once you see the [recently released QUIET RIOT documentary 'Well Now You're Here, There's No Way Back'], you will understand not only the personality and the individual that Kevin was, and how dynamic but also how troubled he was, but you'll also see how difficult it is for those shoes to be filled, because he was the complete package. I've told people so many times that Kevin had only two bad shows in his entire career… You know, people have great shows and good shows, but bad ones… he only had two in his entire career. One, because he had an incredibly bad cold, and the other one because he had been partying for two days solid. But beyond that….? And when he got up on stage, that was his happy place; that was where he loved to be most. But because he loved it so much, when the curtain came down, he couldn't turn it off. And that's when those problems would surface. And with success came a situation where Kevin just, basically, did whatever he wanted to do, and nobody could call him on it, because, as long as the band was successful, they didn't wanna rock Kevin's boat. And that just escalated and escalated and escalated until, finally, we had no choice but… In 1987, the label, the management, the American agent, the European agent — everybody across the board — wanted Kevin out, because he had become a liability." On how difficult it was to fire Kevin in 1987: "It was more difficult… Believe me, it's been really difficult, but it was more difficult for me emotionally, because, even though the decision to fire Kevin in '87 was not a decision that was made by one singular person — it was made by everyone — Kevin always held me responsible for it. So that was an emotional aspect of it." On his decision to resurrect QUIET RIOT in 2010 with a new singer: "The idea of getting somebody other than Kevin in the band was unthinkable to me. It was three years before I even considered it… three years. And it was not an easy decision. And when you watch the film, you could see how difficult it was, and how difficult it was to continue, and with all the different dynamics and everything that has happened." "I had three years where I didn't pick up drum sticks, I didn't play, I didn't do anything. I was in mourning for three years. As far as the situation with Kevin's mother, I will accept any criticism — bring it on; as much as you wanna criticize me… The world can criticize me, if they want, for doing QUIET RIOT without Kevin — as long as one of those critics is not Kevin's mother. That is at the heart of it. If she had a problem with it, then I wouldn't have moved forward. That's the only person that I didn't wanna insult or hurt, or, in any stretch of the imagination, be inconsiderate of. Everybody else can say what they want; it makes no difference to me. I want their support, but if they don't offer it, then that's their business. Life goes on." On how difficult it was to bring QUIET RIOT back knowing that Kevin would never be part of it again: "The dynamics of it are so intricate, it wasn't until Regina [Russell, director of 'Well Now You're Here, There's No Way Back'] wanted to make the film that I seriously… 'Cause it was in the back of my mind to maybe try it again. Because I'm one of those people, I will always try the most impossible thing, I will always try, to see if I can overcome it. And if I don't, you don't. But it wasn't until I was really forced to look at all this footage that I had, and all the pictures, and all the magazines… 'Cause, remember: it's not just live performances, [it's] home movies, pictures of us backstage… stuff that nobody saw but the people that were in our little party… that I came to realize that I miss Kevin, but I miss being in QUIET RIOT, because I've invested almost my entire adult career in this band. And I felt it was unfair for me not to be able to continue — even though a critical component was now not part of the picture." In addition to Banali, QUIET RIOT's current lineup, which includes singer Jizzy Pearl (LOVE/HATE, L.A. GUNS, ADLER'S APPETITE, RATT), bassist Chuck Wright and guitarist Alex Grossi.
THE SWORD: 'High Country' Album Cover Unveiled; Title Track Streaming
Austin, Texas metal luminaries THE SWORD will release their new album, "High Country", on August 21 via Razor & Tie. Recorded in Austin, the CD was produced by Adrian Quesada and mixed by J. Robbins. "High Country" features 15 new compositions and will be released simultaneously in CD and double vinyl formats. It will be available today for preorder through Razor & Tie as well as the band's merch site. Access to both preorders is at www.theswordofficial.com. The Razor & Tie preorder includes multiple bundles featuring double colored vinyl, cassettes, three t-shirt designs, a hoodie, as well as a lithograph of the album art. The CD and double vinyl can also be preordered as standalone pieces. The band's preorder features one bundle which includes the CD, an exclusive double colored vinyl with earth and sky printing, a custom engraved and numbered stash box with album art featured on the inside the of the lid, a custom shredder card, a custom packet of rolling papers, and a custom engraved dugout. "High Country" track listing: 01. Unicorn Farm 02. Empty Temples 03. High Country 04. Tears Like Diamonds 05. Mist And Shadow 06. Agartha 07. Seriously Mysterious 08. Suffer No Fools 09. Early Snow 10. The Dreamthieves 11. Buzzards 12. Silver Petals 13. Ghost Eye 14. Turned To Dust 15. The Bees Of Spring The "High Country" title track can be streamed at www.theswordofficial.com. In conjunction with the release of "High Country", THE SWORD will embark on a 25-show European tour. The trek begins on release day, August 21, at the Pstereo Festival in Trondheim, Norway and ends in Bristol, U.K. on September 19. The band will be touring throughout the remainder of 2015 and 2016. Asked by Radio Cannon in a 2014 interview how he feels the metal scene has evolved since THE SWORD started, the band's guitarist, Kyle Shutt, said: "It's funny, because I think when we started people reacted differently to us because the metal scene was dominated by these macho, wrestler-looking types, screaming at you, etc… And bands like that are dying out. It's becoming a lot more rock 'n' roll. And I also notice that heavy metal journalism in the last ten years is so much more positive compared to when we started. It was so negative back then. And you gotta have haters, you know what I'm saying? It's just that there used to besome serious debates about us on message boards where people would try to figure out what we did and have these crazy theories that we were like, this pre-packaged band. It was so hateful for no reason, and nowadays people are so much more accepting. I think music just got so terrible for a while and so many shitty bands got shoved down people's throats by record labels throwing money at record stations and I think people just started looking past the bullshit and are much more open-minded now, with awesome bands like GRAVEYARD and BOMBUS. Or AMERICAN SHARKS, from Austin. Just cool heavy bands getting exposure."
BUTCHER BABIES' HEIDI SHEPHERD Thanks 'Naysayers' For Giving Her A 'Kick In The Ass'
Heavy Metal Artwork conducted an interview with BUTCHER BABIES singer Heidi Shepherd and guitarist Henry Flury at the 2015 edition of the U.K.'s Download festival, which was held last month in Donington Park. You can now watch the chat below. Speaking about the endless amount of online hate that has been directed at the BUTCHER BABIES since the release of the band's debut album, "Goliath", Heidi said: "The naysayers are the ones that push me the hardest. I was always that kid who… I had this teacher in junion high that told my mom that I would never be successful at something. Like, what a jerk! Right?! And so I was, like, 'Yeah. Fuck that!' And I so I got great grades. I was an athlete. Sometimes people are, like, 'Oh, no. You're too short to high jump.'… People who tell me 'no,' I'm going to do it. So thank you to the naysayers." Heidi went on to say that she has used negative motivation to make a positive impact on her life. "You have to," she explained. "As a human, you have to. We all have [negativity] so much around in our lives, and to take it as a kick in the ass, to light a fire under your ass instead of letting it get you down. I think that's great. I think a lot of people should learn to do that. A lot more would be accomplished in the world if people learned to do that." BUTCHER BABIES' sophomore album, "Take It Like A Man", will be released on August 21 via Century Media. The CD was produced by Logan Mader, who has previously worked with FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH, DEVILDRIVER, CAVALERA CONSPIRACY and GOJIRA. BUTCHER BABIES kick off a massive European touring run on July 7 and then will join GWAR and BATTLECROSS across North America from August 25 to September 18.
CROWBAR's KIRK WINDSTEIN: 'Bands That Were Once Very Successful Are Literally Falling Off The Map'
Howie D. from Hard Edge Radio and National Rock Review recently onducted an interview with Kirk Windstein of New Orleans sludge metal veterans CROWBAR. You can now listen to the chat using the audio player below. Asked to name his biggest fear as a musician, Kirk responded: "My biggest fear, being a musician, is probably has already come true, which is the way the business is these days, with no one selling records and illegal downloading. I mean, it really, really, really has changed… I mean, bands that were once very successful are literally falling off the map; I mean, they are falling off the face of the earth. It's, like, bands, they'll get popular, and thrn, boom, they're gone. We've been so fortunate to survive that, but I think a lot of the reason we have survived and we continue to thrive and continue to move forward is that we never did have a huge amount of success and we never were the hot flavor-of-the-month thing. We never fit into any genre. We're just CROWBAR. We make our own music. And, for us, it's just about… slow and steady wins the race. You know, the hare-and-the-tortoise mentality: keep doing what you're doing, keep doing it at a high level, be great to your fans, treat them with respect, kick ass every night, and you'll be able to continue doing it." CROWBAR's latest album, "Symmetry In Black", sold around 3,900 copies in the United States in its first week of release to debut at position No. 68 on The Billboard 200 chart. CROWBAR's previous CD, 2011's "Sever The Wicked Hand", opened with around 3,500 units to land at position No. 4 on the Top New Artist Albums (Heatseekers) chart, which lists the best-selling albums by new and developing artists, defined as those who have never appeared in the Top 100 of The Billboard 200. "Symmetry In Black" came out in North America on May 27, 2014 via Entertainment One Music. The CD, which was made available in Europe on May 26, 2014 through Century Media Records, was produced by CROWBAR guitarist/vocalist Kirk Windstein and Duane Simoneaux and was mixed by Josh Wilbur (LAMB OF GOD, GOJIRA). Interview (audio):
Video: IRON MAIDEN's BRUCE DICKINSON Takes Part In Music Therapy Session With Special Needs Children
IRON MAIDEN singer Bruce Dickinson visited music charity Nordoff Robbins's London, England centre on June 22 to celebrate Music Therapy Week. The Nordoff Robbins London Centre in Kentish Town is the world's largest dedicated music therapy centre. It aims to offer a broad range of music therapy and music services to meet the needs of as many different people in as many different circumstances as possible. Ir provides specialist piano, keyboard, singing and songwriting lessons for people with a disability, illness, emotional difficulties or other challenges; music groups for babies, toddlers and their parents; singing groups for children with autism and adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other lung conditions. During his visit, Bruce took part in a music therapy session with children from the Richard Cloudesley School, a special needs school in London, who have been bringing their children to Nordoff Robbins for music therapy for over 20 years. Bruce said: "I've always thought that music therapy makes sense, because music is a universal language, and it crosses every border, every disability. People just like making a racket and it's very fulfilling, especially if you can make a good racket with somebody. It's sharing, it's communicating, but it doesn't have to be in words." A short film about Bruce's visit to Nordoff Robbins's London, England centre can be seen below. On July 3, IRON MAIDEN will be awarded the prestigious O2 Silver Clef by Nordoff Robbins in recognition of "outstanding contribution to U.K. music." Previous winners include THE ROLLING STONES, David Bowie, Eric Clapton, PINK FLOYD, GENESIS and QUEEN; last year's Silver Clef winner was Jimmy Page. Dickinson was recently given the all-clear after being diagnosed with a tumor on his tongue late last year.
PAPA ROACH Was 'A Little Bit Surpised' By Overwhelmingly Positive Response To New Songs
Kaaos TV conducted an interview with PAPA ROACH guitarist Jerry Horton before the band's June 23 performance at at The Circus in Helsinki, Finland. You can now watch the chat below. A couple of excerpts follow (transcribed by BLABBERMOUTH.NET). On the fan response to PAPA ROACH's eighth studio album, "F.E.A.R." (Face Everything And Rise), which was released on January 27: "[We've had] lots of good feedback, which is… You know, it's a little bit surprising, because [the album] is different, and it sounds different from the last record. But even people that are not die-hard PAPA ROACH fans — like on the festivals that we've been doing — people are jumping up and down. Just at the end of the song, they're showing that they like that one. And it's good. We're excited about it." On having IN THIS MOMENT's Maria Brink as a guest on "F.E.A.R.": "It seems like with every record that we do, when we talk about doing it and what our goals are, the idea of having a collaboration comes up. And we've talked about having a female vocalist for quite a few years, but we could never agree on anything… on anyone between us. And then we were on tour with SHINEDOWN and IN THIS MOMENT a couple of years ago, and decided that we were gonna work with the producer [Kevin Churko] that did IN THIS MOMENT's previous albums and learned that we would be in the studio at the same time. So we said, 'Okay, are you down for this? Do you wanna do a song with us?' And she said, 'Of course.' So immediately we all said, 'Okay. Cool. We just have to find the right song for her to sing on.'" PAPA ROACH singer Jacoby Shaddix said that "F.E.A.R." was "probably the most positive record we've written" and described it as a "very guitar-heavy record." "F.E.A.R." followed up 2012's "The Connection", which was made as Shaddix was going through personal turmoil, including problems in his marriage and a struggle to stay sober.
MASTODON Featured In Amoeba Music's 'What's In My Bag?' Segment (Video)
Guitarist Bill Kelliher and drummer Brann Dailor of Atlanta progressive metallers MASTODON are featured in Amoeba Music's "What's In My Bag?" segment in which they talks about some of the records they are into. In the clip below, they can be seen shopping at Amoeba in Hollywood, where they pick up music by RUSH and MELVINS, among others. MASTODON's latest album, "Once More 'Round The Sun", sold around 34,000 copies in the United States in its first week of release to land at position No. 6 on The Billboard 200 chart. The record arrived in stores on June 24, 2014 via Reprise Records. "Once More 'Round The Sun" was recorded in Nashville with Grammy Award-winning producer Nick Raskulinecz, who is known for his work with RUSH, DEFTONES, FOO FIGHTERS and ALICE IN CHAINS.
Video Premiere: FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH's 'Jekyll And Hyde'
"Jekyll And Hyde", the new video from Las Vegas-based metallers FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH, can be seen below. The song is taken from the band's sixth album, "Got Your Six", which will be released on August 28 through Prospect Park in North America and Eleven Seven Music outside North America. FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH's U.S. record label, Prospect Park, got "five finger death punked" when they asked the band for a new music video. Guitarist Zoltan Bathory explains: "Punking the label and trolling the trolls is actually very satisfying… so either we make a video that makes a difference like 'Wrong Side Of Heaven' did or we just fuck it all up and have fun with it... just clown the whole thing as we did with 'Under And Over It'… and now with this one. We didn't even hire a director… We didn't want this to accidentally make sense." Adds Jeremy Summers, president of Prospect Park: "First we were scratching our collective heads, but we never once interfered with [the band's] vision… so ultimately — if that's what the band wants to put out, we are not going to stop them. We were shocked, then cried, then laughed because it's actually funny." "Jekyll And Hyde" has already claimed the No. 1 spot on the iTunes Rock chart upon release, debuted on the Spotify Viral chart and Shazam Future Hits chart. It is also quickly approaching the Top Ten rock radio charts after just two weeks. Regarding the song's inception, FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH guitarist Jason Hook told U.K.'s Metal Hammer magazine: "[FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH singer] Ivan [Moody] is a total caveman. In 2015, we have every device known to God for recording yourself or capturing an idea in MP3 and e-mailing it somewhere, but he has no technical savvy at all. He's always, like, 'I had a great idea last night, but I had no way of capturing it.' So one night I told Ivan, 'No matter what, if you have ideas, call me and leave them on my voicemail.' A year later, I'm at home looking through old hard drives and old folders on my computer, and I come across this Pro Tools session that had a bunch of voicemails from Ivan dumped into the computer from my phone. I open this session and I start listening through these voicemail song ideas. He sketches out the lyrics and vibe for this one idea, so I start laying a little riff underneath it, and then I start creating another section where I cut some of his words and made a little chorus. I sent it out to everybody and said, 'I don't know what you think, but this is something that Ivan left on my voicemail a year ago,' and they were, like, 'Ooh! That's pretty cool!' That actual voicemail ended up staying in the song! What you hear in the first verse is all from that voicemail message." Ivan clarified, telling the magazine: "What happened was that it was, like, 4 a.m. and I was up writing, and I looked on the Internet and saw that somebody had posted on my Facebook page — but I don't even have a Facebook page. So that was the start of it. At the very bottom, there was a media release saying that I had died — that I had overdosed in some club in New York. This rhythm popped into my head — this quick 4/4 beat — and I knew that Zoltan [Bathory, FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH guitarist] would be sleeping and Jeremy [Spencer, FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH drummer] hates when I call him late. So I left it on Jason's voicemail, and it was the beginning of 'Jekyll And Hyde'. It ended up being a fantastic fucking song. I think it's one of the best we've ever written." The "Got Your Six" pre-order, as well as several exclusive album pre-order merchandise packages, are live and ready now at www.fivefingerdeathpunch.com. Upon purchasing any "Got Your Six" pre-order offer, buyers will be able to instantly download "Jekyll And Hyde". "Got Your Six" is available in various formats to accommodate fans digitally, as well as those who prefer a physical item CD or vinyl alike: * Standard album, digital (11 tracks) * Deluxe album, digital (11 tracks + 3 bonus tracks) * Standard physical CD (11 tracks) * Deluxe physical CD (11 tracks + 3 bonus tracks + redeemable code for an exclusive t-shirt) * Vinyl (11 tracks + 3 bonus tracks + digital download card for the deluxe version of the album) There will also be an exclusive Best Buy edition of the album available (deluxe album and an exclusive, limited-edition FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH merchandise item). "Got Your Six" track listing: 01. Got Your Six 02. Jekyll And Hyde 03. Wash It All Away 04. Ain't My Last Dance 05. My Nemesis 06. No Sudden Movement 07. Question Everything 08. Hell To Pay 09. Digging My Own Grave 10. Meet My Maker 11. Boots And Blood Deluxe-edition bonus tracks: 12. You're Not My Kind 13. This Is My War 14. I Apologize FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH will head out on a co-headlining fall tour with PAPA ROACH. The trek kicks off on September 4 in Lexington, Kentucky, winding down on October 9 in Glen Falls, New York. Also along will be IN THIS MOMENT and FROM ASHES TO NEW. The two headliners actively involved their fans in the routing of the tour by giving them the opportunity to request the tour come to their city via a "demand campaign." Some 1.5 million people responded and made their choices known.